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The current study is a phenomenological exploration of coping with perceived racial and gender discrimination experiences among 11 Asian/Asian American female faculty at various Christian universities. Phinney and Chavira’s results indicated that adolescents used five different strategies to deal with discrimination. [Multidimensional assessment of coping: validation of the Brief COPE among French population]. Education/Advocacy, Internalization, Drug and Alcohol Use, and Detachment were positively associated with active coping, self-blame, substance use, and behavioral disengagement, respectively, providing further support for validity of the CDS. Principal Component Analysis of Types of Anti-Stigma Strategies Obtained From the Stigma Coping Orientation Scales (SCOS), Test of Self-Conscious Affect (TOSCA-3) and Group Identification Measure. The DCSS, a 6-item scale (dealbest, dealtalk, deaproud, dlwrkhrd, dealrude, dlignore), assesses two different aspects of coping strategies: (a) adolescents’ perception of what they believe is the best coping strategy against discrimination or negative remarks about one’s ethnic or racial background was, and (b) how often adolescents have used specific discrimination coping strategies. NLM Puckett JA, Maroney MR, Wadsworth LP, Mustanski B, Newcomb ME. The Coping Circumplex Model: An Integrative Model of the Structure of Coping With Stress. Front Psychiatry. Friedlander ML, Friedman ML, Miller MJ, Ellis MV, Friedlander LK, Mikhaylov VG. The DCSS, a 6-item scale (dealbest, dealtalk, deaproud, dlwrkhrd, dealrude, dlignore), assesses two different aspects of coping strategies: (a) adolescents’ perception of what they believe is the best coping strategy against discrimination or negative remarks about one’s ethnic or racial background was, and (b) how often adolescents have used specific discrimination coping strategies.  |  Adolescents in the Aggressive coping style mentioned the use of Verbal Retort, without mentioning the use of any proactive strategy. Research on Asian American college students’ experiences with racial ethnic microaggressions and their coping strategies is scant. Experience of discrimination. Few studies have examined coping strategies specific to ethnic-racial discrimination among Latino youth. c. Expanded Everyday Discrimination Scale A 10th item was added to the original scale: “You are followed around in stores.” This scale was used in the National Survey of American Life (NSAL) and the South African Study of Stress and Health study (SASH) 33 Participants were asked each of the 9 items on the scale (e.g., “You are treated with less respect than other people are.”), and responded how often each item happened related to their HIV status, their race, and their sexual orientation. Finally, incremental validity evidence was obtained in Study 4 (N = 220), where it was shown that the CDS explained variance in outcome variables (i.e., depression, life satisfaction, self-esteem, and ethnic identity) that could not be explained by general coping strategies. In Study 3, the estimated 2-week test-retest reliabilities (N = 53) were between .48 and .85 for the 5 factors. To assess the frequency by which adolescents have engaged in different types of coping strategies, adolescents are asked to record how often, on a 5-point Likert-type scale (1 = never, 3 = sometimes, and 5 = very often), they have used each coping strategy when they experienced discrimination. eCollection 2019. Investigation of discrimination variety count of preparation for each scale by making culture and communities. Among men, passive coping behaviors in response to lifetime discrimination were associated with greater VAT, but not SAT, volumes in age-adjusted models (78.5±32.0, P< 0.05; Table 5). Journal of Early Adolescence, 28, 16-50. doi:10.1177/0272431607308666, Additional Citations for Studies in which the Measure Has Been Used. Racism and discrimination continue to be a fact of life for many students of color on college campuses. A comprehensive review of the psychometric properties of the Drug Abuse Screening Test. eCollection 2018. Isok Kim . National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Profiles of Coping with Ethnic-Racial Discrimination and Latina/o Adolescents' Adjustment. This relationship remained in fully adjusted models (60.6±28.0, P<0.05). J Clin Psychol. Adolescents in the Proactive coping style reported Discuss, Self-affirmation, and Disprove as the ways to deal with such issues. All researchers have permission to use the 6-item DCSS, with the following citation: To download the DCSS in English, click here. Would you like email updates of new search results? a 20-item version of the Coping with Discrimination Scale (subscales used were Education & Advocacy, Detachment, Drug & Alcohol use, Resistance and Internalisation), a 8-item Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) – Depression scale for depression symptoms and In Study 1, an exploratory factor analysis (N = 328) identified 5 factors: Education/Advocacy, Internalization, Drug and Alcohol Use, Resistance, and Detachment, with internal consistency reliability estimates ranging from .72 to .90. The Brief Resilient Coping Scale (BRCS) The Brief Resilient Coping Scale (BRCS) is an even shorter measure of resilient coping, designed by Sinclair and Walston (2004), to capture an individual’s ability to cope with stress in highly adaptive ways. by . In this study, we examined how engagement and disengagement strategies for coping with discrimination might explain how gendered racism influences psychological distress among 212 African American women enrolled in an institution of higher education. We used the 5-item Everyday Discrimination Scale 24 (1 = Never, 5 = A lot; α = 0.93; M = 1.87; SD = 0.93). The same as the original scale. Measuring Latino adolescents’ coping with ethnic-racial discrimination. Journal of Adolescence, 65, 189-195. doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.03.011, McDermott, E. R., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., & Martinez-Fuentes, S. (2019). Doctoral Committee: The Coping with Discrimination Scale is used to determine how minority individuals respond to discrimination. The first measure is the Experiences of Discrimination (EOD) scale.22 Eight items from this scale were asked, including questions COMPARING MEASURES OF RACIAL/ETHNIC DISCRIMINATION 833. NIH Sixty women with borderline personality disorder were recruited at the department of psychiatry and psychotherapy of the University of Freiburg in Germany and at the Psychiatric Hospital, Meissenberg, Zug, Switzerland. coping with discrimination strategies influence the association between perceived discrimination and mental health outcomes. (2008).  |  Four studies were conducted to develop and validate the Coping With Discrimination Scale (CDS). Parental ethnic socialization and adolescent coping with problems related to ethnicity. [Unpublished manuscript]. They issued a 20-item version of the Coping with Discrimination … Measuring Latino adolescents’ coping with ethnic-racial discrimination. Using data (N = 2,109) from a large-scale epidemiological study of Filipino Americans, this study examines whether ethnic identity is linked to mental health and reduces the stress of discrimination. J Couns Psychol. This study examined the associations between different forms of ethnic discrimination and levels of perceived stress in Russian immigrants living in Germany, taking into account potential moderating (in-group identification) and mediating (coping and social support) … Puckett et al. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. 2018 Feb 27;9:53. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00053. Engagement strategies were coping with discrimination using resistance and education/advocacy. Thus, the goals of the studies presented here were to (a) develop a coping with discrimination scale and (b) examine the factor struc-ture, reliability, and validity of this new scale… COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. 2007 Mar;32(2):189-98. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2006.08.002. and coping with urban inequality in the number of discrimination. Introducing a brief measure of cultural and religious identification in American Jewish identity. Shapes Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol. Few studies have examined coping strategies specific to ethnic-racial discrimination among Latino youth. To assess the psychometric properties of the measure for use with sexual minorities (i.e., gay, lesbian, bisexual, or GLB persons), a nonprobability sample of 371 GLB adults completed the instrument along with several standardized, self-report measures. The validity evidence was similar across racial groups and for males and females. Coping with discrimination from peers and adults: Implications for adolescents’ school belonging. Family ethnic socialization predicts better academic outcomes via proactive coping with discrimination and increased self-efficacy. McDermott, E. R., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., & Zeiders, K. H. (2019). When the researchers say brief – they mean brief! A longitudinal examination of Latino adolescents’ ethnic identity, coping with discrimination, and self-esteem. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 5, 31-53, Harvard University Graduate School of EducationLarsen Hall, 61314 Appian WayCambridge, MA 02138, The Discrimination Coping Strategies Scale (DCSS) was developed by, based on Phinney’s and Chavira’s (1995) qualitative work in which they interviewed a sample (n = 60) of adolescents (ages 16 to 18) from diverse ethnic minority backgrounds. The use of the Coping with Discrimination scale (Wei, Alvarez, Ku, Russell, & Bonett, 2010) with a TGD sample extends prior work done with sexual minority individuals (Ngamake, Walch, & Raveepatarakul, 2014). Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Group identification is relevant to coping with perceived discrimination among members of stigmatized minority groups ( Rüsch et al., 2009b ). Published 2010. If you are planning to translate the DCSS into other languages, please send the final version of the measure and any information on how the measure held up in analyses to Adriana Umaña-Taylor. Thirty women with social phobia were recruited at the department of psychiatry and psychotherapy of the Univ… Discrimination Coping Strategies Scale (DCSS). Coping Response to Discrimination. 2018 Aug;9(4):1100-1109. doi: 10.1007/s12671-017-0845-4. Experiences of discrimination were assessed using the Everyday Discrimination Scale. Racial discrimination was assessed using the Everyday Discrimination Scale (α=0.95), and was coded using two conventional approaches: (1) situation-based coding : number of different situations ever experienced; (2) frequency-based coding : sum of Likert scale responses ranging from 'never' to 'almost everyday'; and (3) a new chronicity-based coding approach: sum of responses, weighted to capture … Ten of the 11 women described experiences where they perceived being treated differently due to race and/or gender. Epub 2019 Sep 13. Family ethnic socialization predicts better academic outcomes via proactive coping with discrimination and increased self-efficacy. c. Expanded Everyday Discrimination Scale • A 10th item was added to the original scale: “You are followed around in stores.” • This scale was used in the National Survey of American Life (NSAL) and the South African Study of Stress and Health study (SASH) Mindfulness (N Y). Umaña-Taylor, A. J., Vargas-Chanes, D., Garcia, C. D., & Gonzales-Backen, M. (2008). Four studies were conducted to develop and validate the Coping With Discrimination Scale (CDS). The item “People act as if they think you are not smart” was modified as “People act as if you are dangerous” to reflect a bias against Asians since COVID-19. Jones, S. M., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., McDermott, E. R., Sladek, M.R., & Rivas-Drake, D. (2020). Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 48(5), 908-923. doi:10.1007/s10964-018-0958-7, Montoro, J., Kilday, J., Rivas-Drake, D., Ryan, A., & Umaña-Taylor, A. J. In Study 1, an exploratory factor analysis (N = 328) identified 5 factors: Education/Advocacy, Internalization, Drug and Alcohol Use, Resistance, and Detachment, with internal consistency reliability estimates ranging from .72 to .90. J Subst Abuse Treat. Data came from four waves of a longitudinal study of 323 Latino adolescents (Wave 1 Mage= 15.31 years, SD= .76; … Front Psychol. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol. McDermott ER, Umaña-Taylor AJ, Zeiders KH. HHS Based on their responses to the strategies they used, Phinney and Chavira further classified adolescents as belonging to one of three different styles for coping with prejudice and discrimination. A longitudinal examination of Latino adolescents’ ethnic identity, coping with discrimination, and self-esteem. The moderating role of ethnic-racial identity for the association between discrimination, coping, and adjustment among adolescents of color. Copyright © 2021 The President and Fellows of Harvard College. The first published study that used this measure is Umaña-Taylor, Vargas-Chanes et al. Abstract. We use 22 Likert-type items from the original 25-item scale, each of which is rated from 1 (never like me) to 6 (always like me). (in press). McDermott, E. R., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., & Martinez-Fuentes, S. (2018). aña-Taylor created Likert-type scale items to quantitatively assess the experiences described in Phinney and Chavira’s study. Dandy J, Durkin K, McEvoy P, Barber BL, Houghton S. J Adolesc. Harvard Graduate School of Education. Epub 2018 Nov 23. 2004. Our results provide vital insight into the ways TGD people are coping with, and being affected by, discrimination. Phinney and Chavira’s results indicated that adolescents used five different strategies to deal with discrimination. The current study examined the psychometric properties of the Discrimination Coping Strategies Scale (DCSS) including its factor structure, validity, and longitudinal measurement invariance. The Coping With Discrimination Scale (CDS) shows promise as a self-report measure of strategies for coping with racial discrimination.  |  Four scales were provided to college students including, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), The Index of Race-Related Stress (Brief Version) (IRRS), the Perceived Ethnic Discrimination Questionnaire (PEDQ), and the Coping Inventory (COPE). McDermott, E. R., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., & Martinez-Fuentes, S. (2018). The Discrimination and Stigma Scale (DISC) was used to measure experienced discrimination and anticipated discrimination. The Discrimination Coping Strategies Scale (DCSS) was developed by Umaña-Taylor based on Phinney’s and Chavira’s (1995) qualitative work in which they interviewed a sample (n = 60) of adolescents (ages 16 to 18) from diverse ethnic minority backgrounds. However, it can also frequently arise in more subtle forms, such as stereotyping, assumptions, or exclusion. In Study 1, an exploratory factor analysis (N = 328) identified 5 factors: Education/Advocacy, Internalization, Drug and Alcohol Use, Resistance, and Detachment, with internal consistency reliability estimates ranging from .72 to .90. The DISC is interviewer administered The Protective Role of Mindfulness in the Relationship Between Perceived Discrimination and Depression. examined medical and mental health treatment, access to public restrooms, identity documentation, housing, and employment as an index of exposure to various types of discrimination. Umaña-Taylor created Likert-type scale items to quantitatively assess the experiences described in Phinney and Chavira’s study. Psychometric properties of multigroup ethnic identity measure (MEIM) scores with Australian adolescents from diverse ethnocultural groups. USA.gov. Adolescents’ perception of the best way to deal with discrimination is assessed by asking adolescents to select from five different coping strategies (e.g., “Talking to the person and clarify common misconceptions about ethnic groups” and “Work hard to prove them wrong”) the best way they felt one should deal with issues of discrimination. Adolescents in the Proactive coping style reported Discuss, Self-affirmation, and Disprove as the ways to deal with such issues. In Study 2, a confirmatory factor analysis (N = 328) provided cross-validation of the 5-factor model as well as evidence for validity of the scale. (2008). Coping with Racial Discrimination: Coping Strategies, Critical Ethnic Awareness, and Psychosocial Resources for Asian Americans . Epub 2006 Nov 21. The same as the original scale. Adolescents in the Aggressive coping style mentioned the use of Verbal Retort, without mentioning the use of any proactive strategy. 2020 Jan;76(1):176-194. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22865. 2008 Jun;31(3):323-35. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2007.06.003. Based on their responses to the strategies they used, Phinney and Chavira further classified adolescents as belonging to one of three different styles for coping with prejudice and discrimination. An expanded table is provided in ESM Table 2. Coping with discrimination: The insidious effects of gender minority stigma on depression and anxiety in transgender individuals. Epub 2007 Jul 23. Asian American Pacific Islander (AAPI), American Indian or Native American, Black, Latinx, Non-White Multi-ethnic, and American Arab, Middle Eastern, and North African (AMENA) adolescent. Total scores range from 22 - 132; higher scores indicate higher levels of coping. Adolescents were classified as using Passive coping style if they only mentioned Ignore as a way of dealing with discrimination. A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Social Work and Psychology) in The University of Michigan 2012 . Adolescents were classified as using Passive coping style if they only mentioned Ignore as a way of dealing with discrimination. Stress and coping research provides ample evidence demonstrating that psychological manifestations of social stress are significantly mediated by personal coping behaviors. Profiles of coping with ethnic-racial discrimination and Latina/o adolescents’ adjustment. 2010 Jul;57(3):345-60. doi: 10.1037/a0019577. McDermott, E. R., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., & Martinez-Fuentes, S. (2019). :189-98. doi: 10.1007/s12671-017-0845-4 stress are significantly mediated by personal coping behaviors measure ( MEIM scores... 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